[+] Origami intro:
Piece of paper, crease pattern, mountain-valley assignment.
This lecture kicks off a series of lectures about origami. It focuses on
a relatively simple kind of origami, called “simple folds”,
which involve folding along one straight line by ±180 degrees.
These are some of the most “practical” types of folds from
an automated manufacturing standpoint, are well-studied mathematically,
and a good warmup before we get to complex origami folds which fold
many creases at once.
On the design side, we'll see how simple folds are enough to fold any 2D shape, and with slightly more general folds, we can fold any 3D shape even with a two-color pattern on the surface.
On the foldability side, we'll see how to efficiently determine whether a crease pattern with mountains and valleys indicated can be folded flat in two interesting cases: 1D pieces of paper (in other words, parallel creases in a strip of paper) and 2D rectangular maps.
Figure 16.2 from GFALOP
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