6.889: Algorithms for Planar Graphs and Beyond (Fall 2011)

Erik Demaine, Shay Mozes, Christian Sommer, Siamak Tazari

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[+] Shortest paths and recursive divisions in minor-free graphs.

We discuss recursive divisions and how to obtain them in planar and minor-free graphs. This is one of the main tools that is used to obtain a linear-time SSSP algorithm and, in fact, once we have a suitable recursive division, the same SSSP algorithm works for both planar and minor-closed classes. However, both the recursive division algorithm and the SSSP analysis require the graph to be of bounded degree and it turns out that, in general H-minor-free graphs, a reduction to the bounded-degree case as in the planar case is not possible. We will see how to use knitted H-partitions to overcome this issue and obtain a generalized recursive division algorithm for all H-minor-free classes.

[HKRS97] M. R. Henzinger, P. N. Klein, S. Rao, S. Subramanian: Faster shortest path algorithms for planar graphs. In: Journal of Computer and System Sciences, vol. 55(1):pp. 3-23, 1997.
[RW09] B. Reed, D. R. Wood: A linear-time algorithm to find a separator in a graph excluding a minor. In: ACM Transactions on Algorithms, vol. 5(4):pp. 1-16, 2009.
[TM09] S. Tazari, M. Müller-Hannemann: Shortest paths in linear time on minor-closed graph classes, with an application to Steiner tree approximation. In: Discrete Applied Mathematics, vol. 157:pp. 673-684, 2009.
[Taz10, Chapter 5] S. Tazari: Algorithmic Graph Minor Theory: Approximation, Parameterized Complexity, and Practical Aspects. Doctoral Dissertation, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, 2010.

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Lecture notes, page 1/9[previous page][next page][PDF]

Lecture notes, page 1/9[previous page][next page][PDF]

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